Evolution of Sanchin Kata
Both the Uechi-ryu and Goju-ryu sanchin came from China. But Miyagi made a shorter version that went forward and back. The Isshin-ryu Sanchin came from Miyagi Chojun.
Uechi-ryu steps with either right or left and thrusts with a reverse thrust,
while the Goju-ryu sanchin steps forward with the right foot and starts with
a left reverse punch.
The Uechi-ryu sanchin uses open hand spear thrusts and the tempo is combat
speed . It is more in tune for combat applications then the Goju-ryu method.
The Uechi-ryu sanchin can be performed starting either left or right while
the Goju-ryu sanchin as a rule starts off with a left reverse punch and is
performed using heavier Embuki breathing while the Uechi-ryu stylist uses a
sharp chsssch sound (Nogari breathing). Uechi-ryu uses the chsssch sound at different points of exhalation while the Goju-ryu uses a uniform and always at the end complete exhalation. Both Goju-ryu and Uechi-ryu came from the same part of China. Miyagi changed from using the open hand spear hand thrusts to a closed fist. The Goju-ryu sanchin uses a prolonged tenseness and exhales all of the air at the completion of a technique. The Goju-ryu sanchin stylist keeps the shoulders back expanding the chest which allows greater lung capacity. The
Uechi-ryu stylist does not emphasize a straight back. Both try to slope their
shoulders down. Both use a toe inward stance as we do in Isshin-ryu.
The Uechi-ryu goes forward, reverses and goes back then either R or left
depending on how they started. Their pattern or embusen is closer to (+)
while the Goju-ryu embusen goes forward, turns in the opposite direction,
then again turns back to the same direction it started with. So Uechi-ryu
sanchin goes north, south, east & west or west & east, then north. The
Goju-ryu goes north, turns around then goes south, then turns around and goes
the way it first started, north.
Grandmaster, Isshinkai Karate Do